Difference between Artificial intelligence and Machine learning

Difference between Artificial intelligence and Machine learning

September 2, 2020

Under the vast domain of computer science, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are two fast-growing and in-demand verticals These two are correlated but yet not the same that is why the Computer Application Colleges in India include Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning degrees under their academic curriculum.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an extensive segment of the computer science discipline which includes building smart machines that can perform all the tasks that a human being can. In short, we can say that artificial intelligence is stimulating human thinking and behavior. You will be surprised to know that Machine Learning is a subset of Artificial Intelligence.

Based on the capabilities, Artificial Intelligence can be divided into three broad categories:

  • Weak Artificial Intelligence
  • General Artificial Intelligence
  • Strong Artificial Intelligence
The basic subjects under this are as following:
  • Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
  • Machine learning and Deep learning
  • Problem Formulation
  • Production System
  • Ontology
  • Fuzzy Logic
  • Pattern Recognition
  • Distance-based neural networks
  • Decision trees
Future Scope of Artificial Intelligence:

Artificial Intelligence degrees can help students in getting the best jobs across industries. You will be amazed to know how most of the organizations today rely on this technology. We recently witnessed how Artificial Intelligence has played an important role in this pandemic and it stood where humans couldn’t.

According to a report by Fortune Business Insight, the global artificial intelligence (AI) market size is projected to reach USD 266.92 Billion by 2027 creating gazillions of career opportunities for talented and competent candidates.

Career Opportunities:
  • Data Analytics
  • User Experience
  • Natural Language Processing
  • Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Research
  • Software Engineering
  • Military Jobs
  • Computer Vision and Image Analysis
What is Machine Learning?

Machine Learning, as said earlier, is a subset of Artificial Learning wherein the computer systems are programmed to make predictions or take decisions based on the historical data. In short, we can say that Machine Learning functions on the algorithm that the system has leaned on its user data.

Machine Learning can be divided into three broad categories:
  • Supervised learning
  • Unsupervised learning
  • Reinforcement learning.

When compared to Artificial Intelligence, machine learning has a very limited scope as it only includes learning and correction using new or old data. Unlike Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning does not learn on its own; it depends either on old data or needs new data to process.

Future Scope of Machine Learning

Just like Artificial Intelligence, this is also on a roll and according to a report by Intellipaat, there will be 2.3 Million jobs in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. It is true that to make a successful career, one must gain complete knowledge of both. And so, many colleges are offering Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Courses.

Career Opportunities:

  • Machine Learning Engineer
  • Data Scientist
  • NLP Scientist
  • Business Intelligence Developer
  • Human-Centered Machine Learning Designer
  • Computer Vision Engineer

Conclusion: Computer Science has helped the world in catalyzing this paradigm shift. We are now more connected to machines than to our fellow humans. So, this field has been expanding year on year with more jobs being offered under it. Pursuing a degree in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning can help the candidates in getting better jobs. As these two are different but somehow interrelated, thus it becomes important to learn both.

Chandigarh Group of Colleges Landran offers a three-year degree in B.Sc. Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning. Along with this, the college keeps a dedicated slot for practice sessions and has requisite labs for the same. The admissions are open at CGC Landran and if you are interested candidates, Apply online and know more about the degree and the college.